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24. Rouge (Trois Couleurs Trologie)
Red (Three Colours Trilogy)
Red (Three Colors Trilogy)

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Valentine is a young model living in Geneva. Because of a dog she ran over, she meets a retired judge who spies his neighbours' phone calls, not for money but to feed his cynicism. The film is the story of relationships between some human beings, Valentine and the judge, but also other people who may not be aware of the relationship they have with Valentine or/and the old judge. Redemption, forgiveness and compassion...

As in the previous two films, a single color dominates: numerous objects in the film are bright red, including the huge advertising banner featuring Valentine's facial profile. Several images recur throughout the film. Telephone communication is important throughout, and so is broken glass (when Kern reveals his eavesdropping, his neighbors throw rocks through his windows, and the end of the film Kern watches Valentine and Auguste on the news while watching the outside world through broken glass). Also, when Valentine is bowling, the camera moves down the line to where there sits a broken glass next to a packet of Marlboro cigarettes, which is the brand that Auguste smokes.

A symbol common to the three films is that of an underlying link or thing that keeps the protagonist linked to his/her past, in the case of Red the judge never closes his doors or gates, despite the fact that he wants to be cut off from everything; also relevant are fountain pens, in a seemingly unconnected scene August gets a fountain pen as a gift and he wonders how many destinies he will change with the pen, later in the film Judge Kern is about to write letters to his neighbours denouncing himself as a spy and his pen stops working and he is forced to write his letters with a pencil. In the case of Three Colors: White the items that link Karol to his past are a 2 Fr. coin and a plaster bust that he stole from an antique store in Paris. In the case of Blue it is a lamp of blue beads and a recurring image of people falling.

Another recurring image related to the spirit of the film is that of elderly people recycling bottles; in the case of Red an old woman cannot reach the hole of the container and Valentine helps her (in the spirit of solidarity underlying the film). In Three Colors: Blue, an old woman in Paris is recycling bottles and Julie does not notice her (in the spirit of freedom); in Three Colors: White, an old man also in Paris is trying to recycle a bottle but cannot reach the container and Karol looks at him with a sinister grin on his face (in the spirit of equality).

This film also depicts topics of Law Philosophy and the manner in which man acts in society, the relationship between the law, ethics and socially acceptable behaviour and how not all of them coincide, particularly in the reflections by Judge Kern and some symbols related to Auguste.
The film has been interpreted as an anti-romance, in parallel with Blue being an anti-tragedy and White being an anti-comedy.[2]

Three Colors: Red (French: Trois Couleurs: Rouge, Polish: Trzy kolory. Czerwony) is a 1994 French-Polish-Swiss co-production, co-written, produced, and directed by Polish filmmaker Krzysztof Kieslowski. It is the final film of the Three Colors trilogy, which examines the French Revolutionary ideals; it is preceded by Blue and White. Kieslowski had announced that this would be his final film[1], which proved true with the director's sudden death in 1996. Red is about fraternity, which it examines by showing characters whose lives gradually become closely interconnected, with bonds forming between two characters who

The Three Colors Trilogy (Polish: Trzy kolory) is the collective title of three films — a trilogy — directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski, two made in French and one primarily in Polish: Trois couleurs: Bleu (Three Colors: Blue) (1993), Trzy kolory: Bialy (Three Colors: White) (in French: Blanc) (1994), and Trois couleurs: Rouge (Three Colors: Red) (1994). All three were co-written by Kieslowski and Krzysztof Piesiewicz (with story consultants Agnieszka Holland and Slawomir Idziak) and have musical scores by Zbigniew Preisner.

The films were Kieslowski's first major successes outside of Poland, and are his most acclaimed works after The Decalogue.


National Board of Review, Best Foreign Language Film
New York Film Critics Circle Awards, Best Foreign Language Film
National Society of Film Critics Awards, Best Foreign Language Film
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards, Best Foreign Film
Zbigniew Preisner won the Cesar Award for Best Music.

Genre: Drama
99 min
Country: France
Director: Krzysztof Kieslowski
Writing credits:
Krzysztof Kieslowski (scenario)
Krzysztof Piesiewicz (scenario)
Executive producer Yvon Crenn
Producer Marin Karmitz
Original Music: Zbigniew Preisner
Cinematography: Piotr Sobocinski
Film Editing Jacques Witta
Colour: Colour (Eastmancolor)
Sound Mix: Dolby SR


Irène Jacob ... Valentine Dussaut
Jean-Louis Trintignant ... Le juge
Frédérique Feder ... Karin
Jean-Pierre Lorit ... Auguste Bruner
Samuel Le Bihan ... Le photographe
Marion Stalens ... Le Vétérinaire
Teco Celio ... Le barman
Bernard Escalon ... Le disquaire
Jean Schlegel ... Le voisin
Elzbieta Jasinska ... La femme
Paul Vermeulen ... (Karen's friend)
Jean-Marie Daunas (Theatre manager)
Roland Carey ... Drug dealer)
Brigitte Raul
Leo Ramseyer
Nader Farman
Cécile Tanner
Anne Theurillat
Neige Dolsky
Jessica Korinek
Marc Autheman (voice)
Juliette Binoche Julie Vignon (de Courcy)
Julie Delpy ... Dominique
Benoît Régent ... Olivier
Zbigniew Zamachowski ... Karol Karol

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13 French Twist1995
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19 La Controverse de Valladolid1992
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20 La Femme Nikita1990
Crime, Thriller, Romance, Drama
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21 Manon of the Spring1986
Drama, Romance, modernised Greek Tragedy
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22 Monsieur Hire1989
Crime Thriller, Romance, Drama
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23 My Life in Pink1997
Comedy Drama
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24 One Swallow Brought Spring2001
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25 Queen Margot1994
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27 Swimming Pool2003
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28 The 400 Blows1959
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29 The Big Blue1988
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30 The City of Lost Children1995
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31 The Closet2001
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32 The Discrete Charm of the Bougoisie1972
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33 The Dominici Affair1973
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34 The Double Life of Veronique1991
Music, Fantasy, Romance, Psychological Drama
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35 The Fabulous Destiny of Amelie Poulain2001
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36 The Girl On The Bridge1999
Comedy, Romance, Fantasy, Drama
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37 The Hate1995
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38 The Last Metro1980
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39 The Piano Teacher2001
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40 The Reader1988
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41 The Return of Martin Guerre1982
History (16thC) Drama, Biography, Crime, Mystery,
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42 The Visitors1993
Fantasy, Comedy
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43 Three Colors: Blue1993
Drama, Music, Mystery, Romance
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44 Three Colors: Red1994
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45 Three Colors: White1994
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